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L'État de Siège

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Title:L'État de Siège
Author:
Camus, Albert   
(2 of 5 for author by title)
L'Étranger
Caligula suivi de Le Malentendu
Published:   1948
Publisher:Gallimard
Language:French
Tags:drama, fiction
Description:

Malgré son sujet grave, le livre est une pièce légère car les traits des personnages sont exagérés, voire tournés en dérision. Elle pose la question suivante: que se passe-t-il quand la peste, personnifiée sous les traits d’un jeune opportuniste, prend le pouvoir dans un pays où rien ne bouge?

Écrite au lendemain de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, la pièce dénonce le fonctionnement des régimes totalitaires en démontant le mécanisme de soumission de la peur. Camus pense à la dictature d’Hitler, mais surtout à celle de Franco qui ne prendra fin qu'en 1975. En effet, la pièce se passe en Andalousie, à Cadix....

Le discours de Camus est universel. Il veut avant tout prévenir contre un éventuel retour de ce type de régime. Il aborde ainsi les thèmes de la résistance, de la révolte et de la liberté comme garde-fou contre la manipulation, la résignation, la soumission, la passivité.... Repousser ce danger suppose des concessions politiques, sociales, ou même—semble-il—privées.—fr.wikipedia. [Suggest a different description.]

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Author Bio for Camus, Albert

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Albert Camus (7 November, 1913—4 January 1960) was a French-Algerian author, journalist, and playwright best known for his absurdist works The Stranger (1942) and The Plague (1947). He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957 at the age of 43, the second youngest recipient in history.

Born in Mondavi, French Algeria, Camus did well in school and was admitted to the University of Algiers where he studied philosophy and played goalie for the soccer team. He quit the team following a bout of tuberculosis in 1930, thereafter focusing on academic study. By 1936, he had obtained undergraduate and graduate degrees in philosophy. He became political during his student years, joining first the Communist Party and then the Algerian People's Party. As a champion of individual rights, he opposed French colonization and argued for the empowerment of Algerians in politics and labor. Camus would later be associated with the French anarchist movement. He was one of the few Allied journalists to condemn the American use of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima. He was also an outspoken critic of communist theory, eventually leading to a rift with Sartre whom he had met during the war when he joined the French Resistance movement.

The dominant philosophical contribution of Camus's work is absurdism. While he is often associated with existentialism, he rejected the label, expressing surprise that he would be viewed as a philosophical ally of Sartre. Elements of absurdism and existentialism are present in Camus's most celebrated writing. The Myth of Sisyphus (1942) elucidates his theory of the absurd most directly. The protagonists of The Stranger (1942) and The Plague (1947) must also confront the absurdity of social and cultural orthodoxies, with dire results. In Caligula, a play, a Roman Emperor pursues an absurd logic.

As an Algerian, Camus brought a fresh, outsider perspective to French literature of the period—related to but distinct from the metropolitan literature of Paris. In addition to novels, he wrote and adapted plays, and was active in the theater during the 1940s and '50s. His later literary works include The Fall (1956) and Exile and the Kingdom (1957).

He died in Burgundy, France in a car crash with his publisher on January 4, 1960.—Excerpts from biography.com

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