|Title:||Le mythe de Sisyphe|
|Publisher:||LAGNY EMMANUEL CREVIN ET FILS|
Il se trouve dans Le Mythe de Sisyphe où l'auteur français Albert Camus présente sa philosophie de l'absurde: l'idée que l'humanité dans son ensemble est bloqué dans une boucle perpétuelle en vains efforts pour essayer de trouver un sens dans un monde absurde. Il illustre son point avec un personnage célèbre de la mythologie grecque: Sisyphe a été condamné par les dieux à rouler un rocher jusqu'au sommet d'une montagne, seulement pour retomber à l'endroit où le premier commencé et répéter le processus un nombre infini de fois.
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Author Bio for Camus, Albert
Albert Camus (7 November, 1913—4 January 1960) was a French-Algerian author, journalist, and playwright best known for his absurdist works The Stranger (1942) and The Plague (1947). He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957 at the age of 43, the second youngest recipient in history.
Born in Mondavi, French Algeria, Camus did well in school and was admitted to the University of Algiers where he studied philosophy and played goalie for the soccer team. He quit the team following a bout of tuberculosis in 1930, thereafter focusing on academic study. By 1936, he had obtained undergraduate and graduate degrees in philosophy. He became political during his student years, joining first the Communist Party and then the Algerian People's Party. As a champion of individual rights, he opposed French colonization and argued for the empowerment of Algerians in politics and labor. Camus would later be associated with the French anarchist movement. He was one of the few Allied journalists to condemn the American use of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima. He was also an outspoken critic of communist theory, eventually leading to a rift with Sartre whom he had met during the war when he joined the French Resistance movement.
The dominant philosophical contribution of Camus's work is absurdism. While he is often associated with existentialism, he rejected the label, expressing surprise that he would be viewed as a philosophical ally of Sartre. Elements of absurdism and existentialism are present in Camus's most celebrated writing. The Myth of Sisyphus (1942) elucidates his theory of the absurd most directly. The protagonists of The Stranger (1942) and The Plague (1947) must also confront the absurdity of social and cultural orthodoxies, with dire results. In Caligula, a play, a Roman Emperor pursues an absurd logic.
As an Algerian, Camus brought a fresh, outsider perspective to French literature of the period—related to but distinct from the metropolitan literature of Paris. In addition to novels, he wrote and adapted plays, and was active in the theater during the 1940s and '50s. His later literary works include The Fall (1956) and Exile and the Kingdom (1957).
He died in Burgundy, France in a car crash with his publisher on January 4, 1960.—Excerpts from biography.com
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